SONS Biological Science Program Course Descriptions

BIO 1000 Principles of Biology (4)

An introduction to the structure and function of living cells and organisms and their interdependencies and adaptations to the environment. This course is not required for Biology majors. (3 hr. lec./3 hr. lab.) 
Approved General Education Distribution Course.
Prerequisites: Completion of all GELAP foundations courses in Math, English and Communication Sciences.


BIO 1200 Biology & Society (3)
Explores the impact of biological discoveries and their applications on individuals and society. Includes ethical and practical ramifications. May not be used for major credits toward graduation by biology majors. Satisfies the general education disciplinary/interdisciplinary science requirement.
Prerequisite: COMM 1402 and (GE2020 or GE2021 or GE 2022 or GE 2023 or GE 2024)

BIO 2900 Computer Applications in Biology (3)
Introduction to biological applications of information technology. Students apply biology software, computer programs, and electronic communication techniques to selected topics in the biology core curriculum. 
Prerequisite: Completion of 6 credits in Biology core.

BIO 3000 Marine Biology (4)
The interrelations of marine plants and animals with their environment. Topics include: primary production, symbiosis, predation, energy flow, and zonation. Effects of salinity, temperature, light, dissolved oxygen, tides and wave action studied. One weekend field trip required. (3 hr. lec./3 hr. lab.) Equivalent given summers at N.J. Marine Sciences Consortium field stations.
Prerequisites: CHEM 1084 or equivalent; eight credits in biology or permission of instructor.

BIOCHEMISTRY


BIO 4105 Essentials of Biochemistry (4)
An introduction to the chemistry of biologically important compounds and their relationship to the metabolic activity of living cells. Laboratory activities will utilize the methods and techniques currently used in biochemical research. (3 hr. lec./3hr. lab.)

Prerequisite: One semester of Organic Chemistry, BIO 2400, or permission of instructor.

Writing Emphasis Course 


CELLULAR


BIO 2200 Cell Biology (4)
An introduction to the fundamental concepts of biological organization, with emphasis on the molecular and cellular levels. Emphasis is placed on scientific methods, the integration of structure and function at the cellular level, and on the underlying biochemistry. This course, in combination with BIO 2400, forms the foundation for the biology major. (3 hr. lec./3 hr. lab.)
Corequisite: CHEM 1083

BIO 3260 Introduction to Histology (4)

A laboratory oriented course dealing with the microscopic and ultrastructural anatomy of mammalian tissues and organs, with emphasis on relating structure to function. (3 hr. lec./3 hr. lab.)
Prerequisites: 12 credits in biology including BIO 2200 and BIO 2400, or permission of instructor.

BIO 4200 Preparatory Techniques for Electron Microscopy (4)
Biochemical concepts governing the preparation of biological specimens for electron microscopy. Details of the chemistry of the interaction between various reagents and cellular substances. The laboratory covers the preparation of a wide variety of biological specimens and the study of ultrastructure and enzymatic activity.
Prerequisites: Eight hours in Biology, CHEM 2180, and permission of instructor.

BIO 4225 Cell Physiology (4)
Biochemical and electron micrographic studies of mammalian tissue subcellular organization by separation and analysis of cell molecules and organelles, and determination of their structure and function. (3 hr. lec./3 hr. lab.)
Prerequisites: BIO 2400 and CHEM 2180 or CHEM 3181 or permission of instructor.

MICROBIOLOGY 


BIO 3305 Principles of Microbiology (4)
A study of microorganisms with emphasis on bacteria. Morphology, physiology and metabolism, ecology, taxonomy and methods of culture and identification of some common microorganisms. (3 hr. lec./3 hr. lab.)
Prerequisite: BIO 2400 or permission of instructor.


BIO 4310 Virology (4)
Study of the isolation, propagation, and characteristics of viruses, and the techniques for achieving those goals. Consideration also given to the interaction of viruses with prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, the origin and evolution of viruses, and the emergence of new viruses.
Prerequisites: BIO 2400, BIO 3305 and CHEM 2180, and permission of instructor.

BIO 4315 Immunology (4)
A fundamental study of the innate and adaptive immune systems of animals. Consideration also given to immunologic responses of plants. (3 hr. lec./3 hr. lab.)
Prerequisites: BIO 2400 and BIO 3305, one semester of Organic Chemistry or Biochemistry, and permission of the instructor.

BIO 4325 Applied Microbiology (4)
A study of the importance of microorganisms in food production and preservation, industry, pathogenesis and disease prevention, and public health. (3 hr. lec./3 hr. lab.)
Prerequisite: BIO 3305 or permission of instructor.


ORGANISMS-ANIMALS


BIO 2400 Genes, Organisms, Populations (4)
An introduction to fundamental concepts of biological organization, with emphasis on genetic, organismal and population levels. Emphasis is placed on hierarchical organization, the integration of structure and function, and evolution as unifying principles of biology. This course builds on BIO 2200 to form a foundation for the biology major. (3 hr. lec./3 hr. lab.)
Prerequisites: BIO 2200, CHEM 1083, Math 1054, and GE 202X or permission of instructor.

BIO 2402 Human Physiology and Anatomy (4)
A study of the physiology of body processes and related anatomical and histological studies. Topics include biochemical, cellular and histological units and the structures and functions of the body’s integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, urinary and reproductive systems. Provides background for students in special education, health information management, recreation therapy and physical education. (3 hr. lec./3 hr. lab.)

Approved General Education Distribution Course
Credit not given for both BIO 2402 and BIO 2409.
Prerequisite: BIO 1000 or permission of instructor.

BIO 3400 Zoology: Form and Function (4)

The evolution of invertebrates and vertebrates using principles of comparative anatomy and physiology. Morphological and functional changes will be correlated with varied environments and adaptations that gave rise to a diversity of life forms. (3 hr. lec./3 hr. lab.)
Prerequisite: BIO 2400 and CHEM 1084, or permission of instructor.

BIO 3403-3404 Anatomy and Physiology I and II (4,4)
An integrated understanding of the structures (both gross and microscopic) and the functions of various body systems. Laboratories are synchronized with lecture materials and include exercises using prosected models and other specimens. 
BIO 3403 is the study of the organization of the human body, introductory chemistry, cells, tissues, the integumentary system, skeletal systems and articulations, muscular system and the nervous system. (3 hr. lec./3 hr. lab.)

BIO 3404 is a continuation of BIO 3403 and includes the study of the endocrine system, cardiovascular system, the lymphatic system, the respiratory system, the digestive system, the urinary system and the reproductive system. (3 hr. lec./3 hr. lab.)
Credit not given for both BIO 2402/ BIO 2409 and BIO 3403-3404.
Prerequisites: BIO 2400 and CHEM 2180 or CHEM 3181 or permission of instructor. 
BIO 3403 prerequisite for BIO 3404.

BIO 3405 Basic Gross Anatomy (4)
An in-depth study of gross and functional anatomy utilizing skeletons and models that depict the skeletal, muscular, vascular and nervous systems. A general overview and regional study of the viscera. Open to Occupational Therapy majors and students in the Athletic Training Option Programs. Not open to Biology majors, except by permission of the instructor. (3 hr. lec./3 hr. lab.)
Prerequisite: BIO 2402 or BIO 2409 or permission of instructor. Credit will not be given for both BIO 3405 and BIO 3403-3404.

BIO 3406 Neuroscience (4)
Morphology and physiology of the nervous systems specifying function and related clinical conditions. (3 hr. lec./3 hr. lab.)
Prerequisite: BIO 3404 or BIO 3405 or equivalent, or permission of instructor.

BIO 3420 Parasitology (4)
Introduction to animal parasites and parasitism; emphasis on morphology, distribution, life cycles and effects on host of protozoan, helminth and arthropod parasites. (3 hr. lec./3 hr. lab.)
Prerequisite: BIO 2200 or permission of instructor.

BIO 3433-3434 Anatomy and Physiology I and II (Honors) (4,4)
Designed for preprofessional students in biology and medical technology. These Honors courses integrate gross and microscopic structure of the human body systems with their function at a more intensive level than BIO 3403-3404. Laboratories are synchronized with lecture-discussion materials and include studies with microscopic and macroscopic materials, prosected models, animal specimens and computer simulations.
BIO 3433 starts with introductory topics on biochemical, cellular and histological units and covers the integumentary, skeletal, muscular and nervous systems.

BIO 3434 starts with a review of the autonomic nervous system and covers the endocrine system, the cardiovascular system, the lymphatic system, the respiratory system, the digestive system, the urinary system and the reproductive system.

Students can take BIO 3433-3434 or BIO 3403-3404 or a mixture of the two to satisfy a one-year Anatomy and Physiology course requirement. Credit not given to both 3403 and 3433, or both 3404 and 3434, or both BIO 2402/2409 and BIO 3433-3434.

Prerequisites: BIO 2400 and CHEM 1084 or CHEM 3181 or permission of the instructor. BIO 3433 or BIO 3403 prerequisite for BIO 3434. Open to all biology majors; students should consult their advisors and consider their performance in prerequisite and related courses before registering.

BIO 3435 Animal Behavior (4)
An introduction to the concepts, techniques, and history of animal behavior with emphasis on the ecological and evolutionary levels of organization. Lectures stress the methods by which biologists test evolutionary hypotheses. Laboratory involves individual and group research projects. (3 hr. lec/3 hr. lab)
Prerequisite: BIO 2400 or permission of instructor.

BIO 3450 Biological Aspects of Aging (3)

A study of the biology of aging from biochemical, cellular, and physiological viewpoints. Emphasis on age-associated functional and structural changes of the organ systems.
Prerequisite: BIO 2200 or permission of instructor.

BIO 4455 Developmental Biology (4)
A study of developmental processes in animals combining descriptive, theoretical and experimental approaches. Includes study of cell determination and pattern formation. (3 hr. lec./3 hr. lab)
Prerequisites: BIO 3704 or BIO 4105 or permission of instructor.

ORGANISMS-PLANT


BIO 2500 Principles of Botany (4)
Structure, function, development, reproduction, and evolution of plants. (3 hr. lec./3 hr. lab.)
Prerequisites: BIO 2200 or permission of instructor.

BIO 3513 Morphology and Evolution of the Plant Kingdom (4)
A study of the structural, reproductive, and evolutionary aspects of the plant kingdom. (3 hr. lec./3 hr. lab.)
Prerequisite: BIO 2500 or permission of instructor.

BIO 3535 Field Botany (3)
Principles of field identification of local flora with emphasis on use and construction of keys. Two all day Saturday field trips.
Prerequisite: BIO 2500 or BIO 2601 or permission of instructor.

BIO 4575 Plant Physiology (4)
A study of physiological mechanisms involved in the germination, growth, development and reproduction of green plants, including water relations, carbohydrate metabolism, translocation, photosynthesis, mineral nutrition, growth regulators, and growth and development. (3 hr. lec./3 hr. lab.)
Prerequisites: BIO 2400 and BIO 2500.

ECOLOGY


BIO 2601, 2602 Environment, Ecology and Humanity (4/3)

A course for non-science majors briefly describing basic global ecological principles. Emphasis on disruptive effects on the environment. Pollution, pesticides, endangered species and human population pressures. This course may be taken with laboratory for 4 s.h. or without laboratory for 3 s.h. Biology majors may not receive credit for this course.
Prerequisite: BIO 1000 or permission of instructor.

BIO 3614 Principles of Ecology (4)
Factors affecting the distribution and abundance of organisms. Basic ecology is examined at the organismal, population and ecosystem levels. Human impact on the environment. (3 hr. lec./3 hr. lab.)
Prerequisite: BIO 2200 or permission of instructor.
Writing Emphasis Course

BIO 4615 Applied Ecology (4) 
Examination of environmental problems, solutions and management dealt with by biologists in government and industry. Wildlife management, conservation biology and industrial ecology. Student must provide own transportation for some labs. (3 hr. lec./3 hr. lab.)
Prerequisite: BIO 3614 or equivalent.

GENETICS

BIO 3704 Principles of Genetics (3)
The nature and functioning of hereditary material in living organisms including its biochemistry, mode of expression, and physical basis of inheritance. Emphasis on recent developments in the field. (3 hr. lec.)
Prerequisite: BIO 2400, CHEM 1084, or permission of instructor.

BIO 3705 Principles of Genetics Laboratory (2)
Examination of major principles of classical and contemporary genetics by means of laboratory exercises. (2 hr. lab.)
Prerequisite: BIO 3704.

BIO 4700 Molecular Genetics (4)
Molecular biology of the gene with an emphasis on current topics related to recombinant DNA and genetic engineering. Laboratory activities include methods and instrumentation used in recombinant DNA studies. (3 hr. lec./3 hr. lab.)
Prerequisites: BIO 3704 and BIO 4105 or permission of the instructor.

BIO 4704 Molecular Biology of Genes (3)
Molecular biology of genetic inheritance and molecular evolutionary genetics, with an emphasis on recent advances. Topics include DNA and chromatin structure and function, regulation of gene expression and related processes, mutation, gene duplication, patterns of generic divergence and genealogical reconstruction. (3 hr. lec.)
Prerequisites: BIO 3704 and one semester of Organic Chemistry, or permission of the instructor.

TECHNIQUES

BIO 3815 Microtechniques (4)
Experience in the preparation of biological material for microscopic examination; fixing, embedding, sectioning, mounting, staining; preparation of whole mounts of small specimens. (Two 3 hr. lec./lab. periods: many procedures require the student’s presence at times in addition to scheduled class hours.)
Prerequisites: One of the following: BIO 2400, 2402, 2409, 3403 or 3433, CHEM 1032 or 1084; or permission of instructor.

BIO 3820 Basic Tissue Culture (4)
Fundamentals of animal and plant tissue culture. Laboratory exercises include methods of establishing and maintaining primary tissue cultures and the culture of established cell lines. (3 hr. lec./3 hr. lab.)
Prerequisites: 16 credits of Biology including BIO 2400 or permission of the instructor.

BIO 4835 Biostatistics (3)
Basic statistical techniques useful in biological research including frequency distributions, statistical inference, and application of chi square, analysis of variance and regression.
Prerequisite: 16 credits in Biology including BIO 2200 and BIO 2400, and MATH 1054, or permission of instructor.

RESEARCH, SEMINAR AND COOP EDUCATION

BIO 4395,6,7,8 Cooperative Education in Biology (1-4)
Off-campus laboratory experience in a biological field. Students may work full or part-time by arrangement with employer. May be repeated for credit, up to a total of four credits.
Prerequisites: Completion of 16 credits in Biology Core and Junior Status, and permission of department chairperson.

BIO 4901, 4902 Honors Thesis in Biology I and II (3, 3)
Qualified undergraduate biology majors will gain an appreciation of how biological knowledge is acquired by participating in an independent laboratory or field research project under the guidance of a faculty member, to a depth not attainable through regular class work. Both courses are taken as a chronological series, (BIO 4901 must precede BIO 4902).
Prerequisitse: Open to students who have fulfilled 20 BIO credit hours, have been admitted into the Biology Honors Program, and have permission of Honors faculty advisor.

BIO 4911,2,3,4 Special Topics in Biology (1-4)
Class work designed to provide an opportunity to study special topics in biology which are not studied in regular courses. Topics to be announced by the department. One semester hour of credit given for each 15 hours of class work.
Prerequisite: 16 semester hours of biology.

BIO 4961,2,3 Independent Research in Biology (1-3)
A laboratory or field investigation of a biology research problem, performed independently by student, under the supervision of a faculty member. May be repeated for credit, up to a total of six credits; however, only four credits may be used to fulfill major elective requirement.
Prerequisite: Open to seniors with a minimum of 20 credits in Biology, or Juniors who are on Dean’s List at the time of enrollment with a minimum of 16 credits in Biology, and permission of department chairperson.

BIO 4970 Seminar in Integrative Biology (3)
Critical analysis of current topics in biology utilizing the primary literature and integrating concepts taught in the Biology Core curriculum. Consideration given to social, ethical, philosophical and/or historical aspects of the life sciences. Format includes student presentations, reading-based class discussions, and library papers.
Prerequisites: 20 credits in Biology Core and Senior status.

BIO 4971 Honors Seminar in Integrative Biology (3)
Critical analysis of current topics in biology utilizing the primary literature and integrating concepts taught in the Biology Core curriculum. Consideration given to social, ethical, philosophical and/or historical aspects of the life sciences. Format includes student presentations, reading-based class discussions, library papers and presentation of research completed in BIO 4963 (Honors section).
Prerequisites: 20 credits in Biology Core including BIO 4955 and BIO 4963 (Honors section) and Senior status in the Honors Program.

NEW JERSEY MARINE SCIENCES CONSORTIUM

BIO 2650 Introduction to Marine Biology (4)
Offered summers at N.J. Marine Sciences Consortium field stations. A field and laboratory oriented course covering the characteristics of marine plants and animals; instruction and experience in collecting and identifying examples of local marine flora and fauna. May not be applied toward credit for major requirements in biology.
Prerequisite: BIO 1000 or equivalent.

BIO 4415 Ichthyology (4)
Offered summers at N.J. Marine Sciences Consortium field stations. The biology of the major groups of fishes, including fish systematics, anatomy, physiology. reproduction, evolution, adaptations, genetics, ecology and zoogeography.
Prerequisite: BIO 3400.

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