Kean University Continuing Education

Implementing the Science Standards K-4

Four Natural Resources


The Environment is comprised of two major categories of components: the living environment and the nonliving environment. The living environment consists of all of the plants and animals that live in a particular habitat, region, area or biome. At the lowest level, these make up a community.

The nonliving environment contains the components that are not alive. These are the physical components which can be summarized as soil/rock, air, water and sun.

The four natural resources; soil/rock, air, water, sun; constitute the major components of the physical environment.



1. Students discuss the components of the environment. They make a list of things found in the environment that are alive. They make another list of things in the environment that are nonliving.

2. Students analyze the pictures that they have collected. They draw lines pointing to various components of the environment and label them with the name of the component and whether it is living or nonliving.

3. Students make lists of their nonliving components and how they are classified according to the list of the four natural resources.


1. Students make a list of the living things in the environment that utilize sunlight directly. They make another list of living things that are dependent on the organisms that utilize the sunlight. They arrange pictures of these living organisms to make food chains.

2. Students make a list of naturally occurring objects that are made of rocks. They identify areas where rocks are found in the area of the school.

3. Students make a list of naturally occurring bodies of water. They classify them according to whether they are lakes, rivers, streams or others.