A Basic Library


Just getting started with the Symphyta or with Hymenoptera in general? The following references will prove invaluable. We've limited ourselves to general resources here; for something more specific, see David Smith's awesome Sawfly Literature Database:

Dave's Database

For a complete bibliography of Alexandr Rasnitsyn's publications, see:

Alex's Publications

Austin, A. and M. Dowton (eds.). 2000. Hymenoptera: Evolution, Biodiversity and Biological Control. Collingwood, AU: CSIRO Publishing.

Benson, R. B. 1950, An introduction to the natural history of British sawflies (Hymenoptera, Symphyta). Trans. Soc. Br. Entomol. 96:45-142.

Gauld, I. and B. Bolton (eds.). 1988. The Hymenoptera. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Goulet, H. 1992. The Genera and Subgenera of the Sawflies of Canada and Alaska (Hymenoptera: Symphyta) (Insect and Arachnids of Canada, Part 20). Ottawa: Agriculture Canada, Research Branch Publication 1876.

Goulet, H. and J. T. Huber (eds.). 1993. Hymenoptera of the World: An Identification Guide to Families. Ottawa: Agriculture Canada, Research Branch Publication 1894/E.

Hanson, P. E. and I. D. Gauld (eds.). 1995. The Hymenoptera of Costa Rica. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

LaSalle, J. and I. Gauld (eds.). 1993. Hymenoptera and Biodiversity. Wallingford, UK: CABI Publishing.

Schedl, W. 1991. Hymenoptera, Unterordnung Symphyta, Pflanzenwespen. In: Handbuch der Zoologie, Eine Naturgeschichte der Stamme des Tierreiches (M. Fischer, ed.). Band IV: Arthropoda: Insecta, Teilband 31. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.

Taeger, A. and S. M. Blank (eds.). 1998. Pflanzenwespen Deutschlands (Hymenoptera, Symphyta). Kommentierte Bestandsaufnahme, Deutsches Entomologisches Institut. Keltern: Verlag Goecke & Evers.

Viitasaari, M. (ed.) 2002. Sawflies (Hymenoptera, Symphyta) I. A review of the suborder, the Western Palaearctic taxa of Xyeloidea and Pamphilioidea. Tremex (Helsinki) 1:1-516 (ISBN: 952-5274-01-2).

Wagner, M. and K. F. Raffa (eds.). 1993. Sawfly Life History Adaptations to Woody Plants. San Diego: Academic Press.

Wright, A. 1990. British sawflies (Hymenoptera: Symphyta): A key to the adults of genera occurring in Britain. Field Studies 7:531-593.

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