Social Reinforcers consist of:


a.Praise statements such as

Very good††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Well thought out, John

Well done†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Show this to your parents

Good thinking†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Beautiful††††††††††††††††††††††

Nice work††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Good job

Excellent†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Right on

Right††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Smart

††††††††††††† Good work††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Good for you†††

Youíre really working†††††††††††††††††††††††††† Good way of saying it

Good, you did your homework†††††††††††† Very meaningful

You did your best, Susan††††††††††††††††††††† You work fast

Good explanation†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Youíre very prompt, To:___

Thatís practical†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Good job on a task difficult as a___

Good attention††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† You followed directions well

That took some thought††††††††††††††††††††††† That makes good sense

Clear thinking†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† You tried hard on that

Correct††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Nice improvement

I like that††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Thatís great

Calling pupil by name


b.†† Facial and bodily expressions and nearness

Eating with the children†††††††††††††††††††††††† Joining the class at recess

Shaking hands††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† High fives

Smiling†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Helping put on coats

Guiding with hand†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Clapping hands

Winking††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Leaning over

Giving a high sign††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Looking interested

Laughing†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Walking among pupils

Thumbs up†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Standing next to student





Activity Reinforcers that Can be Used in the Classroom


Free time††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Extra turns in a game; on computer

Carry library books upstairs††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Listen to own voice on the tape recorder

Paint at easel††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Reading aloud to student in another class

Work Puzzles†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Read library books

Play with bean bags†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Take a message to the office

Water plants†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Play with magnets

Lead the pledge††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Feed room animals for a week

Be team captain††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Be a line leader

Take care of the calendar for a week††††††††††††††† Sing a song

Read comic book†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Help with audio visual equipment

String beans††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Sit at teacherís desk for reading

Pass out paper††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††† Sharpen pencils

Play instruments††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Extra time at recess

Do extra project†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Perform before a group

Use playground equipment††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Study with a friend

Mark papers††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Listen to a record or tape using earphones††††††††††††††††††††

Run errands††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Represent group in school activities

Be a line monitor†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Decorate classroom†††††

Put away materials††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Clean erasers

Work problems on the board††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Lead discussions††††††††††

Perform for PTA††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Dance


List of Self-Defeating Teacher Behaviors


††††††† Some consequences which reinforce and maintain undesirable behaviors are:


1. Paying attention to undesirable behavior.Shouting and arguing back and forth.

2. Not following through on a directive.Withdrawing requirements when pupils complain.

3. Showing favoritism, partiality, hostility.Punishing one pupil while ignoring the same behavior in

††† another pupil.

4. Failing to pay attention to pupils who exhibit desirable behavior.

5. Reinforcing only ďgoodĒ pupils, and failing to notice improvement and effort from poorer pupils.

6. Allowing peer reinforcement for deviant behavior.

7. Using comparisons which show up certain pupilís deficiencies.

8. Idle threats of unenforceable punishment, or threatening punishment without carrying it out.

9. Punishing in anger, and providing an aggressive model by violent punishment.

10. Delaying reward or punishment.

11. Failing to make the punishment fit the crime.

12. Belittling or embarrassing.

13. Failing to be consistent.†† †††††††††††††††