"The Search for Humanity After Atrocity"
Dennis Klein, Project Director
1. Schedule of readings and other sources
(See the Day-By-Day Breakdown on the Overview page)
Part I: A “Powerful Masculinity”: The Great War and the “New Man”
Ernst Jünger, “Fire,” Weimar Republic Sourcebook, eds. Anton Kaes, et al., tr. Don Reneau (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994), 18-20.
Jacob Burckhardt, Reflections on History, tr. M.D. Hottinger (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1979).
Doris Bergen, War and Genocide: A Concise History of Genocide (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2003)
Terrence Des Pres, The Survivor: An Anatomy of Life in the Death Camps (New York: Oxford University Press, 1976), 51-62.
Part II: “I still cannot believe it”: An Introduction to Survivors’ Testimonies
Annette Wieviorka, The Era of the Witness, tr. Jared Stark (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2006)
Aftermath, dir. Władysław Pasikowski. Menemsgha Films, 2012 (Amazon Prime).
Omer Bartov, “Wartime Lies and Other Testimonies: Jewish-Christian Relations in Buczacz, 1939-1944,” East European Politics and Societies 25 (2011): 486-511.
Dennis Klein, “Betrayal Narratives in Holocaust Witnesses’ Accounts,” PowerPoint presentation, Kean University Master of Arts in Holocaust and Genocide Studies, 2017.
Part III: Life in Death
Terrence Des Pres, The Survivor: An Anatomy of Life in the Death Camps (New York: Oxford University Press, 1976), 62-62, 95-147.
Primo Levi, The Drowned and the Saved, tr. Raymond Rosenthal (New York: Summit Books, 1988).
Bruno Bettelheim, The Informed Heart: Autonomy in a Mass Age (New York: Avon, 1960).
Visiting members of the Holocaust survivor community. Group interaction, visitors sponsored by Jewish Family Services of Middlesex County, Milltown, NJ.
Donald Marks, “History and Psychology of Resilience I.” Lecture, Advanced Studies in Psychology, Kean University.
Part IV: Death in Life: Trauma and Deep Memory
Marianne Hirsch and Leo Spitzer, “The Witness in the Archives,” Holocaust Studies/Memory Studies 2 (2009), 151-70.
The Eichmann Trial Tapes. Film, Session 68, Testimony of Yehiel Dinur. Accession number: 1999.A.0087 | RG Number: RG-60.2100.081. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, 1961 (Web:https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn1001698)
Lawrence L. Langer, Holocaust Testimonies: The Ruins of Memory (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1991).
Shoah. DVD, dir. Claude Lanzmann. British Broadcasting Corporation, 1985.
Part V: Forgiveness after Trauma?
Vladimir Jankélévitch, “Should We Pardon Them?,” Critical Inquiry 22 (1996): 552-72.
Ruth Kluger, “Forgiving and Remembering,” PMLA 117 (2002): 311-13.
Jean Améry, At the Mind’s Limits: Contemplations by a Survivor on Auschwitz and Its Realities (Bloomington, Indiana University Press, 1980), 21-40, 62-81.
Dennis Klein, Survivor Transitional Narratives of Nazi-Era Destruction: The Second Liberation (London: Bloomsbury, 2018; paper, 2019)
Dennis Klein, “Did Holocaust Survivors Forgive?,” PowerPoint presentation, Kean University Master of Arts in Holocaust and Genocide Studies, 2017.
Simon Wiesenthal, The Sunflower: On the Possibilities and Limits of Forgiveness (New York: Schocken, 1998), 3-98.
Donald Marks, “History and Psychology of Resilience II.” Lecture, Advanced Studies in Psychology, Kean University.
2. Selective Bibliography of Sources Related to the Seminar’s Theme
Alexander, Jeffrey C. Cultural Trauma and Collective Identity. Edited by Jeffrey C. Alexander. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004.
Aly, Götz. Why the Germans? Why the Jews?: Envy, Race, Hatred, and the Prehistory of the Holocaust. New York: Metropolitan Books, 2014.
Bernstein, Jay M. Torture and Dignity: An Essay on Moral Injury. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2015.
Blustein, Jeffrey M. Forgiveness and Remembrance: Remembering Wrongdoing in Personal and Public Life. New York: Oxford University Press, 2014.
Brison, Susan J. “Trauma Narratives and the Remaking of the Self.” In Acts of Memory: Cultural Recall in the Present, edited by Mieke Bal, Jonathan Crewe, and Leo Spitzer, 39–54. Hanover, NH: University Press of New England, 1999.
Brudholm, Thomas. Resentment’s Virtue: Jean Améry and the Refusal to Forgive. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2008.
Ezrahi, Sidra DeKoven. “Representing Auschwitz.” History and Memory 7 (1996): 121– 56.
Felman, Shoshana. The Juridical Unconscious: Trials and Traumas in the Twentieth Century. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2002.
Grabowski, Jan. Hunt for the Jews: Betrayal and Murder in German-Occupied Poland. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2013.
Griswold, Charles L. Forgiveness: A Philosophical Exploration. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007.
Gross, Jan T. Neighbors: The Destruction of the Jewish Community of Jedwabne, Poland. New York: Penguin Books, 2002.
Kristeva, Julia, and Alison Rice. “Forgiveness: An Interview.” PMLA 117 (2002): 278–87.
LaCapra, Dominick. Writing History, Writing Trauma, 86–113. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001.
Margalit, Avishai. On Betrayal. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2017.
Murphy, Jeffrie. Getting Even: Forgiveness and Its Limits. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.
Pendas, Devin O. The Frankfurt Auschwitz Trial, 1963–1965: Genocide, History, and the Limits of the Law. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.
Polonsky, Antony, and Joanna B. Michilic, eds. The Neighbors Respond: The Controversy over the Jedwabne Massacre in Poland. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2004.
Scott, Jill. A Poetics of Forgiveness: Cultural Responses to Loss and Wrongdoing. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.
Suleiman, Susan Rubin. Crises of Memory and the Second World War. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2006.
Vetlesen, Arne Johan. “A Case for Resentment: Jean Amery versus Primo Levi.” Journal of Human Rights 5 (2006): 27–44.
Whigham, Kerry. “Affective Echoes: Affect, Resonant Violence, and the Processing of Collective Trauma in Post-Genocidal Societies.” Ph.D. diss., New York University, 2016.
The specific videos highlighted here have been chosen to show some of the vastly different experiences that atrocity survivors can go through. Although showcased here, they do not necessarily represent the survivor testimony to be discussed during the seminar.